Welcome to the site of the Motorcycle Riders' Association of South Australia.
The MRASA is the recognised voice for motorcycling with the Government.
Please visit our about page for
more information on what the MRASA are about. See the latest website updates
Calendars for 2017
National Road Rules - April 2018
The National Transport Commission (NTC) is an independent statutory body tasked to provide advice to the
Transport and Infrastructure Council on regulatory and operational transport reforms. The
NTC with the cooperation from key stakeholders undertakes these reforms across road, rail and intermodal
transport to improve safety, productivity, environmental and regulatory efficiency outcomes.|
Each year the NTC provides a progress report to the Council on the implementation status of nationally
agreed reforms. The
Transport Reform Implementation Monitoring Report is the fifth report
delivered. This report will outline which local jurisdiction has adopted the various packages and which
The Australian Road Rules set out the basic rules of the road for motorists, motorcyclists, cyclists,
pedestrians, passengers and other road users. The purpose of a single national set of road rules is to
provide uniformity across Australia so that people are not confronted with different requirements as
they travel from one state or territory to another. Harmony of rules across jurisdictions is common
sense, and it something the MRASA and AMC have been working on for years.
Wine Regions and spillages - 9 April 2018
An update from the Riverland Grape growing region - with the grape harvest and wine vintage in full swing,
there have been numerous warnings from the authorities reminding motorists of the dangers of grape spills
created by (usually) over laden trucks. |
For us motorcyclists, these spills can mean a very quick off. The grape skins are extremely slippery, and
it can take some time for a spillage to be mopped up from the time it occurs to the time the local SES or
Fire Brigade can get out to it. There is very little policing of these over loaded trucks, so if you see
one please report the rego number of the offending vehicle to Police.
Last year local MFS teams responded to 30 call outs for spills on the road. Regional commander of the MFS
Kevin Eckermann told the Murray Pioneer "it's something the MFS deal with every year and it seems to be at
the same spots including roundabouts, corners and the bottom of hills. Members of the public who see any
grape spills are asked to call the police assistance line on 131 444".
National Road Rules - 9 March 2018
The Parliamentary Counsel's Committee (PCC) is a committee representing the drafting offices in Australia
and New Zealand and provides a forum for the preparation of national uniform legislation, a forum for discussion
about the development of legislation and the management of those drafting offices, and an IT Forum for those drafting offices.|
On the 5th February 2018 there was a new release of a consolidated version of the Australian Road Rules.
These were approved by the Transport and Infrastructure Council and published by the Parliamentary Counsel's Committee.
These rules are a national model law and are intended to provide the basis for nationally consistent road rules.
These rules do not, by themselves, have any legal effect.
Some of the laws have already been adopted in part or fully in various Australian jurisdictions, however these
represent a basis for harmonious laws, for each jurisdiction to adopt. The document includes items for:
In relation to ARR270, compliance of a helmet is at the point of manufacture, with mention of not compromising
the helmet's outer shell. The MRASA wish to congratulate the AMC (especially Guy Stanford
and Rob Salvatore) for many years of hard work of which the MRASA proudly funds and supports.
- ARR270 (wearing motor bike helmets)
- ARR271 (motorcycle control)
- ARR297 (proper control)
- ARR299 (VDU's)
- ARR300 (use of mobile phones)
View the full ARR publication from the PCC
View the AMC press release
View motorbikewriters article from 9 March
Proposed Changes to the GLS in South Australia - 1 February 2018
The Hon Minister Chris Picton MP called a meeting of the Motorcycle Reference Group in December 2017 for members
to discuss and suggest options to reduce motorcyclist fatalities. Changes to the Graduated Licensing System (GLS)
was just ONE of the measures discussed.|
A GLS is a countermeasure that has been successful in reducing the risk of crashes among novice drivers.
A GLS works by imposing restrictions on novice drivers/riders and
gradually lifting them as the drivers/riders progress through the different phases of the system. In this
way, driving/riding experience is obtained initially in conditions of low risk, with more challenging
conditions only encountered once a driver has reached a particular level of experience and maturity.
The Centre for Automotive Safety Research (CASR) has been researching a revised GLS for quite some time.
CASR presented their research and recommendations for proposed changes to the GLS at the
MRG meeting held on 29 January 2018. The report is titled 'Recommendations for a Graduated Licensing
System for Motorcyclists in South Australia'.
Members then were invited to ask questions and make some initial comments.
The minister has publicised the CASR report and is seeking feedback. A public consultation phase has now
commenced and concluded. More information is available from the
MRASA GLS changes page.
Proposed New SA Laws - Drink and Drug Driving - 15 January 2018
The Hon Minister Chris Picton MP announced via a letter to the MRASA proposed laws that were approved
by the South Australian Parliament on 29th November 2017. This was part of the Statutes Amendment (Drink and Drug Driving) Bill 2017.|
Unlike alcohol-related road fatalities, the number of drivers and riders killed in road crashes who are
testing positive to drugs is not decreasing. Over the last five years (2012-2016), and average of 24
percent of drivers and riders killed on SA roads
tested positive to cannabis, methyl amphetamine or ecstasy or a combination of these drugs.
The MRASA supports higher penalties for road users who do not respect the safety of others. Repeat
offenders with a blatant disregard for their own safety and safety of others must be held accountable.
The new laws aimed at reducing the incidence of drug driving and improving road safety for all road users.
The changes include:
From 22 February 2018
From 8 March 2018
- The roadside drug testing process will be streamlined so that only one screening test rather than two will be undertaken by Police.
From 24 April 2018
- Penalties for a first drug driving offence will increase
- Licence disqualification periods imposed for repeat drug driving offences will increase
- The penalties for refusal or failure to undertake a drug screening test, oral fluid analysis or blood test will increase
More information is available from the towards zero together website.
- A driver detected drug or drink driving (0.08 BAC and above) with a child aged under 16 years in the car must show they are not dependent before being re-licensed
- Drink and drug drivers required to undertake a dependency assessment will have the option to complete a treatment program
- The penalty for driving unlicensed at the end of the disqualification period, if the driver did not show they are not dependent on alcohol and drugs will increase
Federal Minister's ABS Media Release - 1 December 2017
The Federal Minister for Urban Infrastructure Paul Fletcher approved the Australian Design Rule
and said the requirements will ensure new motorcycles sold in Australia feature the
same life-saving braking technologies currently required in Europe, Japan and a number of other
major markets around the world. Here is a link to the original
"Research has shown that Anti-lock Braking Systems (ABS) and Combined Braking Systems (CBS) can
reduce motorcycle related road trauma in Australia by more than 30 per cent." Mr Fletcher said.
"With motorcycles currently the fastest growing vehicle type, widespread fitment of this safety
technology will make a real impact on reducing fatalities on Australia's roads each year by
ensuring that the safest motorcycles are made available to Australians at the lowest cost."
The introduction of advanced braking systems for motorcycles was agreed to under action item 16c
of the National Road Safety Strategy 2011-2020, and action item 7 of the National Road Safety
Action Plan 2015-17.
Lane Filtering reminder...
Reminder - Lane Filtering has been legal in South Australia since 15 April 2017|
South Australian law addressing lane filtering specifically states:
- speed limited to 30kph
- cannot use bicycle, bus or tram lanes
- no passing between vehicles and kerb
- no filtering at roundabouts
- not in school zones during school hours
- only for riders on a full licence
Australian Motorcycle Council backs protective clothing research - 3 October 2017
The Australian Motorcycle Council (AMC) has welcomed a major step forward in plans to
introduce a ratings system for protective clothing. Motorcyclists around Australia and
New Zealand will soon have access to more information about the safety of protective
clothing with the formation of a working group and commencement of a pilot program at
In an historic collaboration, the Australian Motorcycle Council has joined with road
agencies, motoring clubs and other stakeholders from across Australia and New Zealand
to develop a ratings system for the protective clothing worn by riders.
AMC chairman Shaun Lennard commented:
"The Australian Motorcycle Council has backed this plan for eight years and it's great
news that it's now underway. Importantly, the AMC is at the table as a member of the
working group as this ground-breaking project progresses."
With more than 10,500 motorcycle riders admitted to hospital with serious injuries over
the past five years in New South Wales alone, improving the quality of the protective
equipment and clothing could have a significant impact on this trauma. A 12-month pilot
program has started with Deakin University, where some of the clothing currently available
to riders is being tested at its Waurn Ponds campus. Informational links below.
AMC media release
AMC Protective Clothing Position Statement
Article on MCNews
The AMC supports the UN Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020.
The MRASA actively supports the activities of the AMC.
MCC of NSW post helmet videos - 18 October 2017
With all the confusion around helmets and helmet laws, MCC of NSW arranged funds from Transport
for NSW to clarify some issues and move discussions away from 'stupid laws' and onto a proper
discussion about helmets. The MCC of NSW have produced the following three videos:|
The videos are available from the MCC of NSW website whom
like the MRASA are a member of the AMC.
- WHICH helmet do I wear in Australia?
- HOW do I fit a helmet?
- WHAT can a helmet do for me?
Australian Community Attitudes to Road Safety Management - September 2017
Australia's first National Road Safety Strategy was established by federal, state and territory transport
Ministers in 1992. It provided a framework for national collaboration on road safety improvement that has
evolved over the last two decades. Our last national strategy, for the period 2001 to 2010, aimed to achieve
a 40 per cent reduction in the per capita rate of road deaths. We fell some way short of the target - recording
an actual reduction of 34 per cent - but we strengthened our commitment to national action on road safety
issues and made significant gains in many areas.|
Under the 2001-2010 strategy, Australia was one of the first countries to formally adopt the Safe System
approach to road safety improvement. The Safe System approach takes a holistic view of the road transport
system and the interactions of its various elements. It aspires to create a road transport system in which
human mistakes do not result in death or serious injury.
This National Road Safety Strategy (NRSS) 2011-2020 aims to elevate Australia's road safety ambitions through
the coming decade and beyond. The MRASA invite motorcyclists and the public to review the NRSS 2011-2020
and then participate in a survey that aims to develop a scale of community attitudes towards the road safety
measures (or interventions/strategies) contained in the national strategy. Links provided below.
The survey is confidential. No individual participant will be identified to a third party. The results will
only be used as aggregate outcomes. Once analysed, the data will be destroyed. The survey is being conducted
by Dr Joao Canoquena who is the person solely responsible for the accuracy, acceptability and functionality
of the survey. Any issues with the survey should be directed to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
Australian National Road Safety Strategy 2011-2020 (122 pages)
Survey - Australian Community Attitudes to Road Safety Management
Before you head out for a ride - 23 September 2017
The MRASA is concerned about the 2017 fatality statistics, and wish to urge riders to take more care.
MRASA Road Safety officer Mr Ebi Lux was quoted by the Advertiser in a
article on motorcycle fatalities regarding some typical pre-ride checks.
This time of year seasonal riders will be dusting off their bikes and getting back out on the road.
The weather is warming up enticing riders to blow out some cobwebs and get some fresh air.
Before you head out, you should go through a few checks to help you enjoy the ride and arrive home alive.
Portions of the information above are attributed to
The Rider's Handbook from mylicence.sa.gov.au
- Make sure the motorcycle is registered, roadworthy and is serviced
- Adjust the controls of the motorcycle to be comfortable. Check the mirrors are clean and adjusted
- Ensure all lights are working, are clean and can be clearly seen
- Check your tyres are in good condition and have tread at least 1.5mm deep. Check the sidewalls of the tyres to be free of cracks or bumps. Ensure the tyres are at the correct pressure for the road surface
- Check the chain (or belt) has the right tension, and is well lubricated
- Check fluids - fuel, coolant, engine oil and brake fluids. Don't forget yourself, be well hydrated, take water for the ride, stop and rest at regular intervals
- Wear protective gear, all the gear, all the time (atgatt). Cover exposed skin. You will need a good helmet (approved of course), purpose made riding gloves, jacket, pants and footwear
- Be in the right headspace, ride defensively and ride to return. Your survival depends on your full concentration on the road. If fatigued or you cannot concentrate fully, don't ride. Allow enough time to make stops, do not be in a rush to get somewhere
- Do not ride if you have had any alcohol or drugs, these can seriously impair your response times, riding abilities and hazard perception
SAPOL publishes safety tips for motorcycle riders - 4 October 2017
After a recent increase in motorcycle deaths on our roads, authorities have teamed up to make an announcement
to the public on motorcycling safety. Also in attendance at the Operation Safe Hills 2017-2018 announcement by
Assistant Commissioner Bronwyn Killmier was Mick Doohan and Matt Hanton, MAC Road Safety Communications Manager.
Other safety announcements were made by Road Safety Minister Chris Picton and the RAA. Below are some tips SAPOL
announced at the announcement.
Link to the announcement of Operation Safe Hills 2017-2018.
- Traffic and road surfaces change quickly. Don't rely on being seen: stay alert, look ahead and check your mirrors to see what's happening around you - don't take risks.
- Always check mirrors and blind spots before changing position on the road.
- Keep to the speed limit and adjust your speed downwards to the prevailing road conditions.
- Always keep a safe following distance: three seconds in normal conditions, six seconds in wet weather or other poor conditions.
- Look out for bumps, pot holes, loose gravel, wet leaves or other problems with road surfaces. Steel road plates, manhole covers and painted lane lines can become slippery in rain.
- Make sure your motorcycle is in good condition. Tyres should be the right pressure and not worn or damaged. Brakes, controls and lights should be checked regularly.
- Mirrors should be checked and adjusted every trip.
- Be seen: the brighter your protective clothing, the easier you are to see. Use reflective stripes or tape on helmets, gloves, jackets; particularly at night or in poor weather.
- Wearing an approved helmet is the law and it could save your life. Always wear the right helmet for your head size; buy the safest you can find for you and your passenger.
Kangaroo Creek Dam Safety Upgrade - March 2016 until Dec 2018
Here is a re-post from March 2016. The MRA have been made aware that current concrete truck movements
are in the vicinity of 60 per day, travelling up the hill as part of the upgrade. Please take care
as you travel along this segment of road.|
[From March 2016] The MRASA would like to advise users of Gorge Road there will be increased construction traffic and
temporary speed restrictions or road closures between Batchelor Road and the reservoir lookout.
There will be frequent truck movements around site access points including slow moving construction
traffic. Movements will generally be undertaken Monday to Friday 6am to 5pm, and Saturday 6am to 2pm,
until December 2018.
Proposed amendments to the Australian Road Rules - 27 June 2017
The National Transport Commission (NTC) has released the latest package of proposed amendments to the
Australian Road Rules (ARRs) for public consultation. The proposed changes aim to harmonise the road
rules across the States and Territories to improve road user safety.|
Key changes in the latest package of proposed amendments include:
The draft amendments and a document explaining all of the proposed changes are available on the
NTC website and links below have been provided for your information.
Any individual or organisation can make a submission to the NTC on the proposed amendments.
The public consultation period is open until Friday, 11 August 2017 and feedback may be submitted online at www.ntc.gov.au.
- New rule to allow lane filtering in those jurisdictions whose road rules do not currently provide for lawful lane filtering
- Amending the definition of 'Approved motor bike helmet'
- New load restraint requirements to improve clarity about legal obligations
- Updating technology-based terminology for rules that govern the use of visual display units and mobile phones
- New rules that impose restrictions on drivers' use of 'bus only' lanes
Draft Amendments (pdf)
Explanation of Proposed Changes (pdf)
The Media Release issued by the NTC
Helmet Mounted Cameras - 17 June 2017
The MRASA believes there is no need for South Australian legislation to allow cameras to be
mounted on motorcycle or pushbike helmets. SAPOL, DPTI and MAC have all indicated that helmet
cameras is not an issue in South Australia.|
We wouldn't stand in the way of it, but think there are more pressing things to focus on.
It has been an issue in both Victoria and New South Wales where riders were booked for them.
The AMC (Australian Motorcycle Council) worked with Maurice Blackburn to have a test case in
each state contested. Both riders won in court.
Provided the helmet is not damaged by the mounting of a camera and the mount is designed to
break away, the helmet is fit for use. Camera's can be mounted on helmets but the helmet must
not be damaged in the process. A point that is not well enough understood is; the approved
helmet standard referenced in the road rules is written for the design and manufacture of
the helmet. It is not an in-service standard.
The MRASA is not aware of any South Australian rider being booked for a camera being safely
mounted on a motorcycle helmet. We are more than willing to support a test case if it is needed.
Phil McClelland - President
Additional Footpath Parking in Adelaide CBD - 11 May 2017
The MRASA is pleased to announce the addition of three more footpath parking areas in the Adelaide CBD.
There are now 8 dedicated areas for footpath parking for motorcycles and scooters. Please see our
Footpath Parking page for more information, links and the ACC
media release. We acknowledge the continued support of the Adelaide City Council to the motorcycling community.
National Road Rules - April 2017
The MRASA supports national road rules bringing consistency across borders. Each state can introduce
new legislation that often do not conform to the rest of the nation. Lane filtering laws are a prime
example of this, where there are minor differences in each state. It is difficult for every rider to
be across every minor difference when travelling interstate. This is why it is important to have
consistent laws across the nation.|
The MRASA actively support the work of the AMC who are now well positioned to represent all riders
and lobby at a national level to
achieve uniformity. This is a lengthy process and is now gathering momentum, you may have noticed
some activity in the media on this. The National Transport Commission together with the Australian
Road Rules Maintenance Advisory Group are players at the national level.
Lane Filtering Legislation - Effective from 15 April 2017
Minister Malinauskas MLC has announced that lane filtering will be legal in South Australia as from the
15th April 2017. The Department of Planning Transport and Infrastructure has launched a video and will be running
an educational campaign to help all road users understand the new laws.|
The Motorcycle Riders' Association welcome the introduction of lane filtering for motorcycles. This is the
culmination of a lot of hard work over many years by many groups and individuals. We thank the minister
for introducing legislation which will improve road safety for motorcycle riders. We now encourage all
road users to understand the changes to the SA Road Rules. Here are some links to the relevant information.
Lane Filtering state matrix - which state allows what
Government News Release from Minister Malinauskas
Government Gazette outlining the new clause 11C
Page from mylicence website containing DPTI video
MRASA Achievements and Projects
The MRASA achievements and projects listing is in a prelimary state of delivery.
We look forward to your feedback on the contents of this page.
ICE - This could save your life
In Case of Emergency (ICE) is a program that enables first responders, such as paramedics, firefighters,
and police officers, as well as hospital personnel, to contact the next of kin of the owner of a working
mobile phone to obtain important medical or support information. The phone entry or entries are intended
to supplement or complement written information in a wallet or on a marked bracelet or necklace.|
The MRASA have recently been made aware of a Council in NSW promoting the use of an information card to
have on your person that can be used by emergency services personnel in the event of an emergency. This
card would ideally be stored in your wallet. If you possess a mobile phone and carry it with you when
motorcycling, the ICE method would fit the same purpose.
To use the ICE method, simply add an entry into your phone contacts. Set the first name to ICE, leave the
surname blank, set the company to be the name of the person and their relationship to you (Mary - Wife).
You can store multiple
ICE entries by giving each a number suffix, i.e. ICE1, ICE2, etc. Emergency services personnel can then
access these entries to find out who to contact in a medical emergency. If you are using an iPhone, you
can simply ask SIRI for your 'ICE contact' and in most cases this will be displayed even without unlocking the phone.
For security purposes, many mobile phone owners now lock their mobiles, requiring a passcode to be entered
in order to access the device. This hinders the ability of first responders to access the ICE phone list entry.
In response to this problem, many device manufacturers have provided a mechanism to specify some text or
an image to be displayed while the mobile is in the locked state. Some devices will let you enter contact
and other information in a 'Medical ID' that can be accessed from the emergency screen of your mobile device.
This method provides additional fields for you to include allergies, medicines and other medical details
that may save your life in the event of an emergency. This information is freely available without requiring
the passcode to be entered. There are plenty of resources on the Internet to guide you through the setup on
your particular device. If you need more information, please Email us via our contacts page.
If a motorcyclist is involved in a crash, in most cases it is best to leave their
helmet on as it provides support to the head and neck. Only remove the helmet if
the casualty is unconscious, is vomiting, has severe head injuries and/or bleeding.
Removing a helmet needs to be done by a trained person.|
First responders will almost always think it is important to remove the helmet.
To help inform first responders NOT to remove your helmet, you can affix a sticker.
The MRASA produced a run of these stickers over a decade ago, and they were all distributed.
These stickers are also currently available from FAFM, and one is provided as part of attending their first aid course.
The MRASA has decided this should be available to all South Australian motorcyclists, so at the 2016
Toy Run the MRASA will be handing out FREE helmet stickers.
Be sure to get yours if you want one. An MRASA initiative for the safety of all motorcyclists.
MRASA meet with The Hon Peter Malinauskas - 22 April 2016
On Friday the 22nd April MRASA Representatives Ebi Lux and Phil McClelland met with The
Hon Peter Malinauskas MLC, the Minister for Police, Correctional Services, Emergency
Services and Road Safety. The MRASA was invited to discuss issues relevant to motorcycling
in South Australia. It was a productive meeting and we appreciated the opportunity to
explain some of issues being faced by the 170,000 licensed riders in South Australia.|
Here is a meeting report.
We endeavor to represent issues for all South Australian motorcyclists, let us know if you have any other
issues you wish to raise.
Returning Rider Course Announced - 15 September 2015
The MRASA is pleased to inform you the Minister for Road Safety has announced that the Rider Safe Returning
Rider Course will be available from 26 September 2015. The Rider Safe Returning Rider Course is a voluntary
course tailored for motorcycle licence holders who wish to refresh their riding skills. The course will be
conducted primarily at the St Agnes and Murray Bridge Rider Safe training ranges with country courses operating
subject to demand.|
The MRASA has been a strong advocate for this course for many years. We have worked to put this on the
Government agenda for a long time, years of efforts have finally come to fruition.
Motorcycle riders may be at greatest risk of being involved in a crash when they resume riding after an extended
period of not riding, particularly if they are riding a more powerful or different style motorcycle than the one
they used to ride in the past.
Although the number of motorcyclist serious road casualties has shown a downward trend, each year motorcyclists
have become a larger part of serious road casualties - up from 11% in 2005 to 17% in 2014. It is likely that
some of the people seriously injured were returning riders.
The course covers issues such as safe braking and cornering techniques, hazard perception, protective clothing,
vehicle technology such as Antilock Braking Systems and responsibilities regarding carrying a pillion passenger.
The course is conducted over half a day at the department's Rider Safe motorcycle training ranges and costs $116.
Here is a link to the
Minister's news release.
Here is a link for
more information about the about the Rider Safe Returning Rider Course.
MRASA Tips for Riders - 29 July 2014
MAC will be promoting a campaign in early September to coincide with the winter lay-off riders
returning to the road - the 'seasonal riders' whose skills may be rusty or lacking. The MAC asked
our road safety officer Neville Gray to provide '10 top tips' to go on their website and to be
possibly promoted through other media.|
- Look for other road users that are not looking for you. Ride conspicuously and never in blind spots. Never assume that the other vehicle will stop.
- Riders, unlike car drivers with aids such as air bags, collapsible steering columns and the stability of four wheels, only have their hazard perception and avoidance skills and their protective clothing to make them safer.
- Always wear good quality protective clothing from your head to your feet. Protect your extremities with helmet, gloves and leg and arm protection in all weather conditions.
- Most cars can stop quicker than most motorcycles especially in emergency situations. Therefore always keep a 3 second gap to the vehicle in front of you.
- Always perform a head check before changing lanes. Just looking in your mirrors is not good enough.
- It is vital to ride at a speed to suit the prevailing conditions. In bad weather, this could mean at a speed under the posted speed limit.
- Riding under the influence of alcohol and drugs is plain suicidal. You need all of your faculties at a high level to successfully ride a motorcycle.
- Don't forget the safety of your pillion as well as your own. They too need good protective clothing and be informed about the dynamics of a motorcycle and know how to assist by being a good pillion.
- Never lend your motorcycle to riders who are unlicensed or inexperienced.
- Intersections are high risk areas. Slow down when approaching an intersection and be ready to avoid a possible collision.
We welcome all interested people to attend our General Meetings. See the Meetings page for
more details. MRASA Committee & General Meetings are held at the hall of Motorcycling South Australia, 251 The Parade Beulah Park.
We have posted a few new items on the Links page, including a link to the LAMS approved motorcycle list,
and a link to the World Health Organization global road safety report 2013. Use the About menu above or
access the Links page here.
Motorcycling Fact Sheet - Roadworthiness
We are providing a copy of the Motorcycling Fact Sheet as
published by the DPTI for the benefit of members and the motorcycling public.
Our aim is to publicise a readily available document in the interests of ensuring our
members understand the minimum requirements for their bike to be roadworthy. If by following the
guidelines a member finds their bike needs work, the potential saving is about $500 ($350 fine for
riding an unroadworthy vehicle and at least $150 fee for the inspection to certify the defect has
been fixed) and then there is the demerit points and possible time off work to attend the assessment
to be considered as well.